IMPACT OF DIARRHEA ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN BETWEEN AGE GROUP 2 TO 60 MONTHS

Dr Poorva Gohiya, Dr Varsha Kumari, Dr Rashmi Dwivedi

Abstract


AIM: To identify the impact of diarrhea on the overall nutritional status and development of children and viceversa.
METHODS: This hospital based cross sectional study included all children 2months to 60 months admitted from January to December 2016
in a tertiary care centre in Central India with chief complaints of loose stools in the last 7 days. A pre-tested questionnaire and face to face
interviews was used as the data collection tool.
RESULTS: Data showed 14.9% cases were wasted, 36.2% were underweight and 15.4% were stunted comprising about 36% of our total
study group. Of the total cases that died due to diarrhea, 69% were malnourished. Presence of stunting as well as wasting cannot be
explained by a single episode of diarrhea and suggests their inverse relationship.
CONCLUSION: Malnutrition is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in this area and also repeated episodes of diarrhea can have
negative impact on the child's physical growth and development.


Keywords


Diarrhea, malnutrition, stunting, wasting

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